This post is targeted for Finnish audience, although it’s written in English. Last year during Full Frontal Javascript Conference at November I got an idea of arranging some kind of event for (frontend) web developers in Finland. The sad truth is that we don’t have such events at all. There’s at least medium amount of very talented web developers living in Finland. However, we get together very occasionally, mostly in events that aren’t related to web development at all. Therefore I have a strong opinion we should form a more concrete community which I’m already named as “Frontend Finland” :) The idea of arranging such event got buried. But couple weeks ago, a colleague of mine (at Futurice) mentioned he had the very similar idea about arranging a JavaScript event in Helsinki, Finland. So we made a quick review about potential topics to be discussed. Actually I had already made a short list with an ex-colleague from Fruugo. The event itself, as a first event ever, would be very modest and unofficial. And the “official” part wouldn’t last longer than two to three hours, containing no more than four presentations about different topics. The event would be:
  • free (or very minimal charge for covering running costs),
  • arranged on late September or early October,
  • located in Helsinki,
  • gathering around 40 to 80 enthusiastic web developers,
  • contain short sessions (15-30 minutes) of presentations,
  • social event to emphasize we’re not alone :)
The event is in very early planning stage and I’m about to contact potential developers, asking them whether they would like to contribute with their know-how, sharing their experiences. The big question is: what kind of topics you would like to hear about? The preparatory topics we discussed of were: current state and general knowledge about DOM scripting, overview to some JavaScript framework (most likely jQuery), using JavaScript for building rich web applications or CMS’s, using JavaScript in mobile web development and “bubbling under” trends like WebGL or server-side JavaScript. In addition, if everything goes well and we get such event arranged at all, there’s definitely place for another similar kind of event about frontend web development in general. That event would cover topics about HTML5, CSS3 and the status of latest modern browsers (such as IE9 or Firefox 4). This event would take place somewhere in Spring 2011. And if you’re able to contribute in any way, please contact me via e-mail.
Webdev Weekly #16
This article contains the top picks from week #16. The main weight is heavily on CSS, including my latest article called “CSS3 Transitions – Are We There Yet?”

General Web Development and Web Design

30 Eye Catchy Cartoon Fonts | Queness

A collection of nice and free cartoon style fonts.


CSS3 Transitions – Are We There Yet? |

My latest article about the current status of CSS3 Transitions

All There Is To Know About HTML5 and CSS3 | Design Your Way

Just like the title says.

Quick Tip: Ever Thought About Using @Font-face for Icons? | NetTuts+

Quite nice trick for implementing icons to your website.

The CSS 3 Flexible Box Model |

Information about CSS3 Fflexible box model on Mozilla Firefox.

Hack for Webkit: Filter for Chrome and Safari

CSS hack to filter rules only for WebKit browsers.

Javascript, jQuery and Other JS Frameworks

8 jQuery Micro Optimization Tips | codeNothing?

Nice (micro-level) optimization tips for jQuery developers.

Hacking and Security

Cross Context Scripting with Firefox (PDF) |

White Paper about a rather new technique called Cross Content Scripting (XCS) in Firefox.

CSS3 Transitions - Are We There Yet?
Cascading Style Sheets 3 has been available for “some time” (first time introduced nine years ago). However, CSS3 hasn’t been available in common use for more than two years. CSS3 Transitions in real use were introduced in late 2007 by Safari. At that time, they were referred as “CSS Animations”, but the terminology changed when Safari introduced their proprietary features also called CSS Animations I’ve split this topic in two articles. In this first article I’ll make a generic overview on CSS3 Transitions. Additionally, I’ll introduce some of the basic implementations and evaluate few CSS properties, meant for creating transformations and transitions. This article also contains references to excellent CSS3 articles. So after reading this article, go ahead and upgrade your knowledge about CSS3 Transitions with them.
This article is also published in Finnish, titled as “CSS3 Transitiot – olemmeko jo perillä?” at Like mentioned above, the whole topic has been split in two parts. The first part is offering a general overview in current status of CSS3 Transitions. Second part is called “CSS3 Transitions – Problems and Solutions”, which will explain in details how CSS3 Transitions behave in different browsers. The first part of the article contains following sections: Getting Started

Getting Started

To get started, you’ll need a browser that supports CSS3 Transitions:

What about Internet Explorer?

At the moment it’s announced that Internet Explorer 9 isn’t going to support CSS3 Transitions. The best support for IE Transitions and Transformations can be achieved with Matrix Filter. Additionally, I recommend reading an article titled Cross-Browser Animated CSS Transforms — Even in IE, written by Zoltan “Du Lac” Hawryluk who is the author of cssSandpaper. The Basics of the Basics

The Basics of the Basics

Unfortunately, there’s no “one rule to rule them all” for transitions. Actually every browser has their own proprietary properties. Fortunately the syntax for values are consistent.

What can be transitioned?

Most properties can be transitioned and therefore I see no reason to list them here explicitly. However, there are some difference between browsers and the most obvious exception is that Firefox 3.7a doesn’t support transition of transformations at all.

The property values for transitions

Transitions have four values to declare at maximum: Shorthand:
-webkit-transition: property_name duration timing_function delay;
-moz-transition: property_name duration timing_function delay;
-o-transition: property_name duration timing_function delay;
transition: property_name duration timing_function delay;
You also can declare every value explicitly: (Target) Property:
-webkit-transition-property: property_name;
-moz-transition-property: property_name;
-o-transition-property: property_name;
transition-property: property_name;
-webkit-transition-duration: duration;
-moz-transition-duration: duration;
-o-transition-duration: duration;
transition-duration: duration;
Duration (like delay) can be entered either in seconds (eg. 0.5s) or in milliseconds (eg. 500ms). It’s important to note that if the value is entered without suffix, transition will not work at all. Timing (of motion):
-webkit-transition-timing-function: timing_function;
-moz-transition-timing-function: timing_function;
-o-transition-timing-function: timing_function;
transition-timing-function: timing_function;
Available timing functions:
  • cubic-bezier(cp1x, cp1y, cp2x, cp2y)
  • ease – equivalent to cubic-bezier(0.25, 0.1, 0.25, 1.0).
  • linear – equivalent to cubic-bezier(0.0, 0.0, 1.0, 1.0).
  • ease-in – equivalent to cubic-bezier(0.42, 0, 1.0, 1.0).
  • ease-out – equivalent to cubic-bezier(0, 0, 0.58, 1.0).
  • ease-in-out – equivalent to cubic-bezier(0.42, 0, 0.58, 1.0).
-webkit-transition-delay: delay;
-moz-transition-delay: delay;
-o-transition-delay: delay;
-transition-delay: delay;
Delay (like duration) can be entered either in seconds (eg. 0.5s) or in milliseconds (eg. 500ms). In general, it’s good to declare transitions on default state selectors without pseudo classes. This will cause transition played in both direction, eg. when hovering. Remember, you have to enter all the properties four times before being cross-browser compliant. Therefore it’d be best to use shorthand codes for keeping your CSS code clean. The Basics

The Basics

Now, I’m going to demonstrate some of the transitions. You must either hover or to click activation buttons for displaying transitions. All the code examples below has no browser proprietary format written – this is for saving space.

Basic Transition: Dimensions and Scaling

I’ll start by demonstrating the basic transition. It also demonstrates the difference between width+height and scale transform.
#widthHeight	{transition:all 500ms;}
#widthHeight:hover	{width:200px;height:200px;line-height:200px;}

#scale	{transition:all 500ms;}
#scale:hover	{transform:scale(2.0, 2.0);}
Width + Height

As you can see, width and height increases normally while scaling is treated almost like absolutely positioned element. On scaling, the transform-origin is set to middle while modifying width+height origin is on the top-left corner.

Transition with Timing Function

Below there are two blocks rotating; one with linear timing-function and second one with ease.
#rotateLinear	{position:relative;clear:both;left:0px;
		transition:all 2500ms linear;}
#rotateEasing	{position:relative;clear:both;left:0px;
		transition:all 2500ms ease;}
#rotateLinear:target	{left:200px;

#rotateEasing:target {left:200px;
Activate LinearActivate Easing

As you probably noticed, the movement is different but both transitions ends at the same time (after 2500ms).

Transition with Delay

Delays are useful in some cases. And they’re very easy to implement in transitions:

#bgColorDelay	{background-color:#12142B;
		transition:background-color 500ms linear 800ms;}
#bgColorDelay:hover	{background-color:#336699;}
800ms delay

Transition Chaining

Transitions can also be chained. This doesn’t come as a default feature, but chaining can be achieved by adding delay between transitions:

#widthHeightOpacity	{transition:width 500ms, height 500ms linear 500ms, opacity 500ms linear 1000ms;}
#widthHeightOpacity:hover	{width:200px;height:200px;opacity:0.1;}

This has one caveat: transitions are displayed in same order no matter whether the element is hovered or it’s in default state. And that makes no sense. Therefore we need to reverse the declarations (compared to earlier examples) as following:

#widthHeightOpacity	{
	transition:width 500ms 1000ms, height 500ms linear 500ms, opacity 500ms linear;

#widthHeightOpacity:hover	{width:200px;height:200px;opacity:0.1;
	transition:width 500ms, height 500ms linear 500ms, opacity 500ms linear 1000ms;

Is There Anything Else?

Well of course, there might be something else I haven’t noticed at this point. But what I’m trying to emphasize is that transitions are rather simple to implement (although they require a bit extra work for cross-browser compliancy).



Are we there yet? Yes, we’re over halfway there. Transitions in general are very cool in proper use. However, I’m personally still bit skeptic with CSS3 Transitions: at this point, you can’t rely on them and you must do cross-browser testing thoroughly. I’ll cover some of the problems at the following part of this article series. And I’m also going to briefly compare CSS3 Transitions with jQuery Animations. If you’re dealing with a platform solely running on WebKit (like iPhone or Adobe AIR) then go ahead and enjoy the full power of both CSS3 Transitions and WebKit animations. External Resources

External Resources

Here are some good resources provided both by browser vendors and other external authors. I strongly suggest reading them for adopting transitions and other CSS3 techniques.


Feel free to comment any part of the article. Additionally, if you know good resources about CSS3 Transitions, go ahead and contribute.
Webdev Weekly #15
Webdev Weekly has been on a break for few weeks. From now on, I’m going to post the best links related to web development and design much more often (aka weekly). This week’s article includes only few, but very good links to strong articles and websites.

General Web Development

Going Lean with Website Production

A good article about Lean Development with production websites.


7 Useful CSS3 Code Generators

This article focuses on seven (probably best known) CSS3 code generators.

IE Print Protector

“IE Print Protector is a piece of javascript that allows you to print HTML5 pages in Internet Explorer. “

Javascript, jQuery and Other


How to store data locally with JavaScript, the cross-browser way!

Compose: functions as building blocks

“JavaScript treats functions as first class objects, that is they can be created and modified dynamically and passed as data to other functions and objects. Shamelessly continuing this theme, allow me to introduce functional composition…”

Server-Side Development and Frameworks

8 useful code snippets to get started with WordPress 3.0

This post gathers the most useful resources to get you started with WordPress 3.0.

Advanced Regular Expression Tips and Techniques

Some advanced tips for working with regular expressions by Burak Guzel

Top 10 Useful .htaccess rewrites, Mod_Rewrite Tricks and Tips

Like the title says: 10 very useful tips in brief format for all .htaccess freaks.

Security and Hacking

x5s – automated XSS security testing assistant

“x5s is a Fiddler addon which aims to assist penetration testers in finding cross-site scripting vulnerabilities. It’s main goal is to help you identify the hotspots where XSS might occur…”

When jQuery returns failed in IE - and how it's probably resolved
In web development, I love facing unexpected problems I haven’t seen before. It’s an excellent situation to learn new things. And the moment right after I’ve found a solution – it’s a perfect moment. But when I can’t find a solution, no matter how hard I try, and especially when I can’t find anything from Google that could help me.. well, I get very frustrated. In this brief article, I’ll go through one problematic situation that really got me frustrated. Plus, this hopefully can be found via Google and therefore works as a solution to anyone who’s facing a same problem.
Last week at work, I encountered a very peculiar problem in Internet Explorer. There were several IE-related bugs reported in a certain part of the service. However, I couldn’t reproduce them and I expected these bugs had been fixed during other updates in the code.. ..until it suddenly happened. All the tested versions of IE’s (6, 7, 8) started reporting either error “failed” or “unexpected error”, pointing to jQuery’s code. And there worst part was that error occurred occasionally, although nothing was changed. In this case, there’s jQuery 1.3.2 in use. Error message didn’t help and the line it was pointing to, belonged to a internal / helper function into jQuery. At first, errors disappeared after some fixes I expected to resolve the situation. But, like I mentioned earlier: these errors were occasional. I didn’t have anything that could have helped me at least a little on tracking this problem (later I found not even unit tests would’ve solved this – although it’s not an argument why I didn’t have unit testing for javascript). So, my only choice was trying to isolate the problem function by function, line by line. Ultimately I found that all the errors were caused by event handler bindings made with function $ I couldn’t blame the selectors being too unprecise, although I reduced the amount of troublemakers by fine-tuning them. In addition, I found that wrapping them in setTimeout() with small delay would have possibly fixed the problem. Also, IE6 had the most problems, while IE7 started to feel stable. Most likely there was something going on with perfomance. However, after all this I wasn’t in a mood to expect these problems were completely solved. So I ended up binding event handlers with $.fn.bind() whenever something was dynamically added. It meant more lines of code, but it also meant that no errors were occurred ever again. The point of this article can be put in one sentence: if you receive an error with message “failed” or “unexpected error” from jQuery and this happens only in Internet Explorer, comment out every possible live() binding and try again.
It’s somewhat usual to leave the testing with Internet Explorer until the end of the project. This is quite acceptable when you’re dealing mainly with layout issues. But when you’re building a web application with loads of features, there are several issues to struggle with: constant debugging, client-side performance, proprietary bugs and so on. However, getting your hands dirty with IE doesn’t always feel as comfortable as with other browsers. In this article, I’m going to list and review different set of tools, which will help you and make your debugging and testing process in Internet Explorer much more enjoyable.
This article is a general overview of different tools and resources that are available for IE. Unfortunately it’s not providing any detailed information on how to use these tools properly. But I still hope this article offers you a good start. This article is split into following topics:
  1. Browser Packages – different IE browser packages
  2. General Debugging Tools – most common debugging tools
  3. Performance Testing Tools – excellent tools for performance testing
  4. Other Resources – additional resources worth of checking

Browser Packages

Browser Packages The first step is to install all the common versions of Internet Explorer (IE6, IE7, IE8). There are several options available and I’ll review four of them.

Utilu IE Collection

My personal recommendation is Utilu IE Collection. Don’t be scared, it’s very reliable (despite the appearance of website). Utilu IE Collection contains multiple IE versions, which are standalone so they can be used at the same time. The main reason I recommend this package is because the browsers it provides are very stable. Utilu IE Collection also includes the Internet Explorer Developer Toolbar.


If you’re in need of older versions of other browsers, I recommend installing BrowserSeal.BrowserPack. It uses the Internet Explorer Collection mentioned above, but in addition it allows to install browsers like Safari 3 and Opera 9. Browsers provided in BrowserSeal.BrowserPack are very stable and I haven’t encountered any problems.


IETester contains several advantages compared to other packages, like opening different versions of IE into tabs. IETester is provided by DebugBar and they’re also responsible for providing excellent debugging tools like DebugBar and Companion.js (both reviewed later in this article). However, IETester still (v0.4.2) feels quite unstable and I’ve encountered some contradictions while debugging. But I’m quite convinced these kind of issues gets fixed sooner or later and therefore keep IETester in my armament.

Microsoft Expression Web SuperPreview

Microsoft Expression Web SuperPreview is a stand-alone application and part of Microsoft Expression Web 3 product. Mainly, it can be used for viewing the pages side by side on IE6, IE7 and IE8. In my opinion, this application doesn’t provide any value for debugging and testing. It’s targetted for web design, offering the possibility for swift visual overviews and comparing layouts between different IE versions.

General debugging tools

General Debugging I’m quite certain you’re using Firebug on Firefox. And maybe you’re aware of Firebug Lite and already using it. Still, there’s a good chance that you’re wondering how to debug in Internet Explorer.

Firebug Lite

You might be already aware of Firebug Lite. If not, read further. Firebug Lite is a JavaScript file you can insert into your pages to simulate some Firebug features in other browser than Firefox. It doesn’t affect or interfere with HTML elements that aren’t created by itself. I have to say I’m not that big fan of Firebug Lite. First of all, many core features of console are already implemented in other browsers. Second, it’s not always working properly. I’ve personally encountered some problems especially with IE and therefore I never count solely on it. Still, it’s a must. Go ahead and start using it, if you still haven’t.

IE Developer Toolbar

You may be familiar with Developer Tools for IE8. Well, IE Developer Toolbar is practically the same tool for IE6 and IE7. And it’s provided together with IE Collection by default. IE Developer Toolbar is easy to use and offers a broad set of options for general debugging. It can be compared to Web Developer add-on for Firefox.


All the features you’re missing from Developer Toolbar, can be found in DebugBar. In most cases, when you need to find something out of the document, this can be done with DebugBar. It’s very fast and reliable. If I had to describe DebugBar in three words, I would definitely say “it just works!”.


Companion.js integrates with IE and it can be briefly described as a simplified version of Firebug. Like I mentioned before, I’m not that favor for Firebug Lite on IE, and Companion.js feels much more comfortable for basic-level console logging and error reporting. However, there are two clear disadvantages in Companion.js: 1) it doesn’t support methods like console.dir() yet, and 2) it causes occasional breakdowns with other development tools for IE.

Performance Testing Tools

Performance Testing Client-side performance testing and optimization is a practice that hasn’t “existed” very long in Web Development. I mean it hasn’t been getting a lot of attention until recently. As you might know, Internet Explorer (especially IE6) doesn’t perform as good as many other browsers. I was actually quite surprised when I started testing performance with IE that even very small things can really affect on performance. I’m reviewing couple of performance testing tools that are also possible to implement in any browser, not just in Internet Explorer.

dynaTrace AJAX

If you’re using Speed Tracer on Google Chrome, then you’re going to love dynaTrace AJAX. Like the name says, it’s meant for diagnosing and tracking AJAX and client-side scripting perfomance issues. But in addition, it offers valid tools for tracking rendering (painting) issues and network load in general. dynaTrace AJAX isn’t the easiest tool to take in proper use. I was bit troubled on how to demonstrate this tool or prove the capabilities in it. Fortunately, my colleague posted a link to an article, which solved the problem: How to Speed Up sites like by more than 50% in 5 minutes. dynaTrace’s blog contains many more resources how to use this powerful tool. Read them, install dynaTrace AJAX and tackle all those nasty perfomance issues that freezes up your Internet Explorer :)

MySpace’s Perfomance Tracker

I’d say the name of this application is a bit distracting. But MySpace’s Perfomance Tracker, or “msfast” (project home) is a browser plugin that help developers to improve their code performance by capturing and measuring possible bottlenecks on their web pages. It’s very efficient tool for tracking loading and rendering issues, and in addition, it provides the validation results either in YSlow or MySpace’s own ruleset. I had some problems when I tried to install Beta. But when I first installed the alpha version and afterwards upgraded it to the beta version, it started working properly.


JSLitmus is a lightweight tool for creating ad-hoc JavaScript benchmark tests. I really recommend JSLitmus for testing performance of your Javascript in general. JSLitumus really provides additional value in Internet Explorer. As generally known, there are surprising Javascript issues that really can cause performance hit in Internet Explorer. And by creating even simple testcases, you’ll probably find the actual troublemakers.


Fiddler is a Web Debugging Proxy which logs all HTTP(S) traffic. Fiddler allows you to inspect all HTTP(S) traffic, set breakpoints, and “fiddle” with incoming or outgoing data. Fiddler includes a powerful event-based scripting subsystem, and can be extended using any .NET language. To be honest, I haven’t use Fiddler a lot. Mostly because performance issues I’ve encountered related to traffic on website has always been solved with another tool (in another browser). But Fiddler really provides a good and broad insight what’s actually happening between the browser and the server and offers a worthy set for tweaking details.

Other Resources

While writing this article I encountered a tool called IEInspector. It’s chargeable, but there’s a free trial version available. I didn’t have enough time to evaluate it, but you can always give it a try. There’s also a listing at Microsoft Window’s website called Internet Explorer 8 Readiness Toolkit, which is described as a list of convenient development and test tools to help test and modify applications to run on Internet Explorer 8. There are probably other tools and resources that I’m probably not aware of. If you know good tools or resources for debugging and testing in Internet Explorer, go ahead and leave a comment.

It doesn’t matter how many years I’ve been dealing with Javascript – it contains many little things that surprises me almost every week. For me, Javascript means a constant learning process.

In this article, I’ll provide ten small Javascript tips, mainly aimed for beginner and intermediate Javascript developers. Hopefully there’s at least one useful tip for every reader :).

1. Variables conversions

This sounds quite obvious, but as far I’ve seen, using object constructors, like Array() or Number() for converting variables is quite common practice. Always use primitive data types (sometimes referred as literals) for converting variables. These won’t do any extra tricks and they usually have better performance.
var myVar	= "3.14159",
	str		= ""+ myVar,//	to string
	int		= ~~myVar,	//	to integer
	float	= 1*myVar,	//	to float
	bool	= !!myVar,	/*	to boolean - any string with length
							and any number except 0 are true */
	array	= [myVar];	//	to array
Converting to dates (new Date(myVar)) and regular expressions (new RegExp(myVar)) must be done with constructors. However, always use /pattern/flags when creating regular expressions.

2. Converting decimals to hex or octals and vice versa

Are you writing separate functions for hex (or octal) conversios? Stop. This can be easily done with existing methods:
(int).toString(16);	// converts int to hex, eg 12 => "C"
(int).toString(8);	// converts int to octal, eg. 12 => "14"
parseInt(string, 16) // converts hex to int, eg. "FF" => 255
parseInt(string, 8) // converts octal to int, eg. "20" => 16

3. More playing with numbers

In addition to previous section, here are some more small tricks with when dealing with numbers.
0xFF; // Hex declaration, returns 255
020; // Octal declaration, returns 16
1e3; // Exponential, same as 1 * Math.pow(10,3), returns 1000
(1000).toExponential(); // Opposite with previous, returns 1e3
(3.1415).toFixed(3); // Rounding the number, returns "3.142"

4. Javascript Version Detection

Are you aware which version of Javascript your browser supports? If not, check Javascript Versions sheet from Wikipedia. For some reason, features in Javascript version 1.7 are not widely supported. However, most browsers released within a year support features in version 1.8 (and in 1.8.1). Note: all the versions of Internet Explorer (8 and older) supports only Javascript version 1.5. Here’s a tiny script both for detecting the version of Javascript via feature detection. It also allows checking support for specific version of Javascript:
var JS_ver	= [];

([].indexOf && [].forEach)?JS_ver.push("1.6"):false;
((function(){try {[a,b] = [0,1];return true;}catch(ex) {return false;}})())?JS_ver.push("1.7"):false;
([].reduce && [].reduceRight && JSON)?JS_ver.push("1.8"):false;

JS_ver.supports	= function()
	if (arguments[0])
		return (!!~this.join().indexOf(arguments[0] +",") +",");
		return (this[this.length-1]);

alert("Latest Javascript version supported: "+ JS_ver.supports());
alert("Support for version 1.7 : "+ JS_ver.supports("1.7"));

5. for simple session handling

This one is something I really like. You can assign values as a string for property and it preserves the values until you close the tab or window. Although I’m not providing any script, I strongly suggest you to take full advantage from it. For instance, it’s very useful for toggling between debugging and (perfomance) testing modes, when building a website or an application.

6. Testing existence of property

This issue can be approached at least from two directions. Either we check whether property exists or we check the type of property. But always avoid these small mistakes:
// BAD: This will cause an error in code when foo is undefined
if (foo) {

// GOOD: This doesn't cause any errors. However, even when
// foo is set to NULL or false, the condition validates as true
if (typeof foo != "undefined") {

// BETTER: This doesn't cause any errors and in addition
// values NULL or false won't validate as true
if ( {
However, there may be situations, when we have deeper structure and proper checking would look like this:
// UGLY: we have to proof existence of every
// object before we can be sure property actually exists
if (window.oFoo && oFoo.oBar && oFoo.oBar.baz) {

7. Passing arguments for function

When function has both required and optional parameters (arguments), eventually we may end up with functions and function calls looking like this:
function doSomething(arg0, arg1, arg2, arg3, arg4) {

doSomething('', 'foo', 5, [], false);
It’s always easier to pass only one object instead of several arguments:
function doSomething() {
	// Leaves the function if nothing is passed
	if (!arguments[0]) {
		return false;
	var oArgs	= arguments[0]
		arg0	= oArgs.arg0 || "",
		arg1	= oArgs.arg1 || "",
		arg2	= oArgs.arg2 || 0,
		arg3	= oArgs.arg3 || [],
		arg4	= oArgs.arg4 || false;

	arg1	: "foo",
	arg2	: 5,
	arg4	: false
This is only a rough example of passing an object as an argument. For instance, we could declare an object with name of the variable as keys and default values as properties (and/or data types).

8. Using document.createDocumentFragment()

You may need to dynamically append multiple elements into document. However, appending them directly into document will fire redrawing of whole view every time, which causes perfomance penalty. Instead, you should use document fragments, which are appended only once after completion:
function createList() {
	var aLI	= ["first item", "second item", "third item",
		"fourth item", "fith item"];
	// Creates the fragment
	var oFrag	= document.createDocumentFragment();
	while (aLI.length) {
		var oLI	= document.createElement("li");
		// Removes the first item from array and appends it
		// as a text node to LI element

9. Passing a function for replace() method

There are situations when you want to replace specific parts of the string with specific values. The best way of doing this would be passing a separate function for method String.replace(). Following example is a rough implementation of making a more verbose output from a single deal in online poker:
var sFlop	= "Flop: [Ah] [Ks] [7c]";
var aValues	= {"A":"Ace","K":"King",7:"Seven"};
var aSuits	= {"h":"Hearts","s":"Spades",

sFlop	= sFlop.replace(/\[\w+\]/gi, function(match) {
	match	= match.replace(match[2], aSuits[match[2]]);
	match	= match.replace(match[1], aValues[match[1]] +" of ");

	return match;

// string sFlop now contains:
// "Flop: [Ace of Hearts] [King of Spades] [Seven of Clubs]"

10. Labeling of loops (iterations)

Sometimes, you may have iterations inside iterations and you may want to exit between looping. This can be done by labeling:
for (var iI=0;iI<5;iI++) {
	if (somethingIsTrue()) {
		// Breaks the outer loop iteration
		break outerloop;
	for (var iA=0;iA<5;iA++) {
		if (somethingElseIsTrue()) {
			// Breaks the inner loop iteration
			break innerloop;



Go ahead and comment! Did you learn anything new? Do you have good tips to share? I'm always delighted for sharing information about all the little details in Javascript. And if you want to familiarize with Javascript irregularities, I suggest you visiting at wtfjs :).
There was at least one major event last week related to web development, when the latest version of jQuery was released. This article covers the highlights and most important resources about jQuery 1.4, but in addition includes many other quality resources for web developers.

jQuery 1.4

jQuery 1.4 Released

A general release announcement of jQuery 1.4, provided by the official jQuery 1.4 author, The 14 Days of jQuery.

jQuery 1.4 Fully Released

My quick post about jQuery 1.4 almost right after it was released.

jQuery 1.4 Released: The 15 New Features you Must Know

Good insight in new features of jQuery 1.4, provided by NetTuts+.

jQuery 1.4 Resources For Developers

Collection of resources about jQuery 1.4, provided by W3 Avenue.

jQuery 1.4 Released: Sneak Peek on New Features and Enhancements

And another, useful article about jQuery 1.4, provided by tripwire magazine.

General Web Development

45 Powerful CSS/JavaScript-Techniques

A very useful collection of various CSS and Javascript resources, provided by Smashing Magazine.

33 Beautiful Social Media Icon Sets For Designers And Bloggers

A good collection of icons. Far better than usual, in my opinion.


CSS Transitions 101

Nice and comprehensive article about CSS3 Transitions.

Javascript and Scripting Frameworks

jQuery Lint

jQuery Lint is a script written by James Padolsey, which evaluates jQuery code and reports any errors or incorrect usage.

IE CSS3 pseudo selectors

ie-css3.js allows Internet Explorer to identify CSS3 pseudo selectors and render any style rules defined with them. This project is still in progress, but it looks very promising.

Gordon: Flash Runtime Implemented in Javascript

Tobias Schneider has built a Flash runtime that works right in the browser. It’s implemented in pure Javascript and HTML5. Very nice work, indeed!

Past week seemed a bit silent, but here are the top resources I located:

General Web Development

Website Performance: What To Know and What You Can Do

Detailed information, tips and tools for website performance optimization.


CSS background transparency without affecting child elements, through RGBa and filters

An excellent article from Robert Nyman about using RGBa values for gaining transparency.

CSS3 + Progressive Enhancement = Smart Design

Another good introduction for harnessing the power of CSS3 without causing any troubles with older user agents.

Javascript and Scripting Frameworks

The 14 Days of jQuery

This actually launches near 14th of January, but was already published last week. An excellent “event” to follow after jQuery 1.4 gets released.

Understanding delete

A very nice article, where Javascript’s delete method explained thoroughly. Obviously I haven’t been only one banging my head against wall with delete()… :D

User Experience and Usability

52 Weeks of UX

A very nice and continuous resource for User Experience lovers. It haven’t started yet with full power, but at least my personal expectations are high.